- A syncretistic religion, Manichaeism is based on the revelations of the Babylonian prophet Mani (21677 ce), which combined themes from Judaism, Christianity, Greek mystery religions, Buddhism and a striking Zoroastrian dualism. Mani taught a mythological vision of two eternal kingdoms, God's kingdom of light and Satan's kingdom of darkness, locked in an eternal, cosmic struggle. Building on a Gnostic theme, the human soul is captured in embodiment but can be freed through secret knowledge and rigorous asceticism. In retrospect, a young Augustine would be the sect's most illustrious adherent, though he grew intellectually dissatisfied with it and later viewed it as a Christian heresy.Further reading: Lieu 1994; Mirecki and BeDuhn 2001
Christian Philosophy . Daniel J. Hill and Randal D. Rauser. 2015.